Ustica Plane Disaster 42 years after: 4 Investigative Leads on Israeli Missile Theory. Former Gladio (Stay Behind) Officer and a Mossad agent told
by Fabio Giuseppe Carlo Carisio
Originally published on June, 27, 2021
The Ustica massacre is “etched in the conscience of the Italians as a harrowing tragedy, which snatched eighty-one defenseless people from their lives, which threw their families into unspeakable pain, who left the Republic without a single truth capable of fully reconstructing the framework of the circumstances and those responsible “declared the President of the Italian Republic Sergio Mattarella on the occasion of the anniversary of the tragedy, which took place on the evening of 27 June 1980 when the DC-9 Itavia H870 plane, flying between Bologna and Palermo, disappeared from radar and sank into the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the coast of Ustica. 81 people died but full light has never been shed on the disaster.
Precisely for this reason we are now going to expose a hypothesis that has already emerged in the past but perhaps discarded with too much haste in the course of the investigation. This is the so-called “Israeli leads” in relation to the alleged airfight in which the aircraft was involved which according to the most accredited judicial hypothesis would have been shot down by a missile.
We expose this theory on the basis of various journalistic inquiries that have analyzed it but associating it with the similar revelations of a high-ranking Italian military intelligence officer who became famous for having revealed all the secrets of Gladio and of a former Mossad agent, the counterintelligence of Jerusalem.
Gladio, as will be remembered, is the Anglo-American Stay Behind project started in Italy by a 007 and military Deep State and aimed at guaranteeing a coup d’état prompt intervention in the event that Rome falls into the hands of the Communists with a possible subsequent attempt to invasion by the Soviet Union. It is suspected that the British conspirators of Stay Behind also played an important role in the kidnapping and killing of statesman Aldo Moro, intent on forging political alliances between his Christian Democracy and the Communist Party.
On the 41st anniversary of the massacre, Mattarella recalled the families of the victims, “those who have lost parents, brothers, sisters, relatives, friends”, reiterating the “bond of human solidarity” and “feeling of closeness to” those who have suffered, together with the “sense of gratitude for the civic commitment” for those who have promoted the “search for truth” even in the face of “opaque and obstructive” conduct.
THE WEAK RETORICAL OF THE HEAD OF THE STATE
“The Republic feels the permanent expression of solidarity and the commitment to a more complete reconstruction of the facts as an imperative duty”, concluded the Head of State with bolsa rhetorical emphasis. In fact, it should be remembered that Mattarella himself, before becoming President of the Republic in 2015 amid the controversy over his involvement in the Tangentopoli of Palermo, from 21 December 1998 to June 2001, was the first Vice President of the Council of Ministers with responsibility for the secret services (D’Alema Government) and then Minister of Defense (Amato Government), therefore he found himself in the button rooms of two Dicasteries in which disturbing relations have been buried for decades and in which misdirections were perpetrated on the dynamics of the massacre orchestrated by generals of the Air Force. One of the key issues that prevented an adequate reconstruction of the facts was in fact the disappearance of the radar tape recordings of various military control towers.
After 41 years, therefore, a true Head of State should not present himself to the media with an obvious “feeling of closeness” to the relatives of the victims but with some truth, as his position makes him president of the Supreme Defense Council and therefore commander of all the Armed Forces. Furthermore, Mattarella, as Minister of Defense, on 16 October 2000 received the title of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, confirming his close collaboration with the United Kingdom developed by Italy, starting from 27 July 2000, with other European countries in the Farnborough agreement for the progressive restructuring and integration of the European defense industry (ratified in 2003), and culminating in the profitable business of the Arms Lobby with Libya, Turkey, Qatar and Great Britain strengthened during the civil war in Tripoli .
The Ustica plane crash occurred on June 27, 1980, at 8:59 pm. At that time the Itavia Bologna-Palermo flight loses radio contact with the Rome Ciampino airport. On board it carried 81 people, including 13 children, but only the bodies of 39 passengers will be recovered after the discovery of the remains of the fuselage, sunk off the island of Ustica. From the various criminal and civil judicial proceedings no univocal version emerged but the most accredited hypothesis was that of the involvement of the plane in a military confrontation involving France, Libya and the United States. The DC-9 in fact would have found itself in the trajectory of a missile during a firefight, and was hit by it.
The thesis of the French missile, launched against a Libyan plane carrying Gaddafi, was supported by the former President of the Republic Francesco Cossiga, prime minister at the time but found no official confirmation. A similar thesis is at the basis of the civil judgment of the Court of Appeal of Palermo which ordered the compensation of relatives of the victims confirmed in the Supreme Court in the midst of a legal battle over the figures undertaken by the State Attorney on behalf of the Ministries involved which made the story is even more shameful.
THE RADAR TRACKS ON THE AIR ATTACK DISAPPEARED
The book by the Italian historian Cora Ranci, who carried out her degree thesis on the massacre, has recently confirmed the missile thesis. In the publication “Ustica, a historical reconstruction”, the scholar highlighted some crucial aspects recently reported during the Omnibus broadcast on LA7. «We must remember that the judicial process is fundamental because it is only thanks to it that we learned things. Because at that moment no other institution had any explanation for what had happened».
«It should also be remembered that the investigations were very difficult as well as very long and complex. This is because there were really big problems with the acquisition of evidence where radar recordings were crucial. The judicial authority ordered the seizure of all radar recordings that could see and record what was happening in the Ustica area – said Cora Ranci – There were 10 Defense radar stations that recorded what happened in that stretch of sky but at the in the end, the experts were only able to work on a radar track. Many radar recordings were not delivered, some were delivered but they had holes and in any case they were not useful for the reconstruction of the facts. So they were very difficult investigations that collided with walls of silence».
The author of the book then adds: «I would like to remind you that the investigation is still open at the Rome Public Prosecutor’s Office. A complete truth is still missing because we don’t know who is responsible. The only hypothesis that emerges strongly from the entire judicial process as a credible explanation for what happened is the thesis of the missile and the military interception operation. This is also the hypothesis of the last expert body which also worked on data made available by NATO in 1996: radar information that until then had remained covered by military secrecy which allowed to confirm this version of the facts. So our civilian aircraft ended up involved in an air attack but the nationality of these aircraft is not known».
As confirmed by the newspaper New Sardinia «in October 1997, the then Secretary General of NATO, Javier Solana, had handed over to our government a documentation which spoke of twelve American and British fighters flying that tragic night. But Solana failed to report four other fighter jets. Even then there was talk of the possibility that they were French planes, because a radar recording of Poggio Ballone (Grosseto), strangely not swallowed by the dark vortex in which evidence and testimonies have vanished, indicated in Solenzara, Corsica, the starting point of the four jets. Only three, then, returned to base».
THE FORMER GENERAL OF GLADIO ACCUSED ISRAEL DEFENSE FORCES
“According to usual source, the day after tomorrow 25 June the cargo will leave for Bologna direct Tripoli with Fiumicino airport. Nature (main) load: IR sensors. Exported as fire-fighting components for oil plants. Cargo is Dc 8 and will follow scheduled airway for Fiumicino-Tripoli route. Departure scheduled from Fiumicino at 20.35 (one hour after AZ 061 passenger flight to Tripoli). End “.
The message, transmitted by the Israeli embassy to the Mossad, the 007 in Tel Aviv, would have been picked up and decoded by our listening center in Ladispoli in 1980. It contained the warning to trigger the interception operation by an F4 -And of the star of David who, due to an error due to the delicacy of the mission and the narrow margin of operational time, launched an air-to-air missile not against the cargo carrying the components of a missile ordered by Gaddafi but against the DC 9 Itavia which on the evening of June 27, 1980, with a long delay, he flew over the skies of the lower Tyrrhenian Sea.
«There is another book that beats the” Israeli trail “in the demolition of the DC 9 of Ustica. A book, Il Consiglio delle ombre, still in drafts that should be released on March 15th for Tullio Pironti editions. It was written by a man who spent his life in the military and the secret services. A senior army officer. The former head of Gladio, General Gerardo Serravalle ”reported journalists Daniele Mastrogiacomo and Franco Scottoni in the newspaper Repubblica on February 14, 1994.
«Conceived and written straight away almost parallel to that of the European journalist Claudio Gatti, the book, scrolling through the great mysteries that have marked the last thirty years of our country, proposes a thesis incredibly similar to the one described in the chapter dedicated to Ustica. in the Fifth scenario. With only one difference: the country that threatened Israel’s security and territorial integrity was not Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, but Muhammar Gaddafi’s Libya. For the rest, everything else, the story is identical – added the two reporters – There is a project for the construction of a long-range missile on behalf of Gaddafi, the Griffin that is the Griffin, capable of striking in a radius of 1000-1200 kilometers. There is a consortium of industries that takes care of the program; there are technicians, physicists, chemists and rocket experts who are secretly enlisted; there is a Swiss bank covering the loan; there is the involvement of two European governments: the English one and the Italian one. The silence on the tragedy is guaranteed by a blackmail by the Mossad, which imposes the secrecy behind the threat to reveal to the world that the apparatuses of the Italian state were involved in the missile project».
The journalists went to see General Serravalle, now retired in his hermitage in Perugia because while deliberately inventing names and places, he designed a credible scenario. «The things I have written are the fruit of my long experience in the Service and in the world around it. I do not place the pieces according to a pre-established thesis. I have some scattered elements. My intuition and my knowledge of logic, of history, of behaviors, allows me to unite them with a thread that reorders them. Those who work for many years in that environment acquire a sensibility I would say normal, indeed professional. A flair that allows you to give a logical consequence to individual episodes that put together can provide not the truth but a possible explanation» declared the senior officer of Gladio.
But why did he involve Israel? «By exclusion. I have never believed in US involvement. A secret of such proportions, in a country like that, would sooner or later come out. Same thing for the French. Let alone our Air Force. No, no one has ever known anything. Only a very few, at very high levels, were aware and the secret has kept. I speak at the level of the government and of major states. Those who did not know have intuited. And who has misled, subsequently, did it without knowing what he was hiding. He just forgot, because he was ordered that way. Many of the protagonists then died, others disappeared. Reasoning by exclusion, there was nothing left but Israel».
«Israel was the only state that had the need, life or death, to destroy any weapon that might threaten it. Those were the years in which there was a frenzied rush to export sophisticated weapons. A part of our government and a large share of the Services had close relations with Libya. Those were years in which there was a lot of work with Swiss banks. And then there was the ‘Device’» reported Serravalle, evoking the specter of what is now called the Deep State. «A set of formations, made up of people who had peculiar operational skills. With one feature: it was led by a unitary command. The Device was in favor of the Griffin project, needed training camps but had to pay for them. Thus, helping Gaddafi …».
Why the presence of the Libyan Mig 23? “He was instructed by the ‘Device’ to shoot down the Israeli fighter. He was housed in a secret base in Alghero. Then the delay accumulated by the cargo for customs control reasons, the subsequent delay of the airliner, made things precipitate. The mistake of the Israeli fighter, the Libyan Mig has no longer found its target, the pilot seems to have actually felt ill or has lost control … ».
“FIFTH SCENARIO” AND THE REVELATION OF FORMER MOSSAD AGENT
«Eighty-one lives sacrificed on the altar of world interests that no one has been able to identify. To crystallize into a judicial truth that gave the survivors breath and breath. A rubber wall, Marco Risi was able to rename it in the film that celebrated the battle of a journalist to discover the truth of Ustica. It was 1991. And the film fueled the state secret climate that was built on that tragedy for thirty-one long years. Unresolved. Not loose. Secret, in fact» wrote Elena Di Dio in her article published in August 2011 on the Stragi80 website.
«Reconstructions that in the course of these long years have also found space in books, journalistic inquiries, as well as judicial ones. Claudio Gatti, for example, a journalist for Il Sole 24 Ore, who writes and above all works with American style, from New York, accustomed to the investigation with an approach that is anything but Italian – looking for a sustainable truth and not effective, doing with this is professional self-criticism – in 1994 he signed with his colleague Gail Hammer, the book published by Rizzoli, “Il Quinto Scenario”. Here he hypothesizes an unprecedented – for the period – track that would explain the “random” shooting down of the Italian airliner “, we read on the website.
«I was mobilized by the European magazine – Claudio Gatti told from New York – and I began to follow the story. I began to tick every single track and worked on this fifth possibility ». In other words, the shooting down of the DC-9 Itavia ended up in the route of an Israeli fighter that allegedly exchanged the Italian aircraft for a French plane loaded with uranium for Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.
«Even today, I think this theory is the most credible – added the journalist in the 2011 interview – On which the most sustained circumstantial evidence undoubtedly focuses – confirms Gatti – Only a power like the Israeli one and an organization so accustomed to secrecy and confidentiality could guarantee itself the luxury of keeping a secret like that of the Ustica tragedy that has remained uncorrupted for 31 years old. No other Western reality, Italy, France or the USA – as we have tried to indicate over the years the responsibilities between these nations – could afford, with the involvement of the many people who knew the true story of the DC-9 shot down in Ustica, such a silence compact. Such a controlled confidentiality ».
As reported by Michele Metta in an article on Antidiplomatics, a book written by a former Mossad agent, the notorious Israeli counterintelligence, also spoke of nuclear loads. It is Victor Ostrovsky; who mentions it in his work entitled The other side of deception. Ostrowsky declares very explicitly, albeit in some way, justifying it, that it is his homeland that is guilty of the massacre. In fact, he writes: “Up to this moment, every time Israel or the Mossad was responsible for the downing of a plane, it was an accident, and in direct relation to the so-called state security, such as the shooting down of the Libyan plane over the Sinai and the Italian plane (believed to have uranium on board) in 1980, which killed eighty-one people».
THE ISRAELI MISSILES IN THE TYRRHENIAN SEA
«On March 19, 1980 the New York Herald Tribune newspaper reported on“ an Italian-Iraqi agreement: Rome sells radioactive material to Baghdad in exchange for substantial supplies of oil; in addition, the Iraqi government has undertaken to buy a dozen Italian-made warships ”. Obviously, there is the approval of President Carter and the green light of Prime Minister Francesco Cossiga. In May, an Italian-Iraqi Commission meets in Rome, formed by the Minister of Foreign Trade Enrico Manca (PSI), the Iraqi minister of the same name Hassan Ali and the Undersecretary of Oil Abdul Munim Alwan Samarai. The Iraqi government is asking for weapons and nuclear technology in exchange for oil. The first contract signed, which includes Snia Techint and Ansaldo, has an amount of 50 million dollars. At the same time, the French government supplies Iraq with enriched uranium which it transports to Tuwaitha aboard an Airbus 300 “.
This is what the investigative journalist Gianni Lannes wrote on his website SuLaTesta (Up Your Head) in an article that then disappeared from the archive, creating a mystery among the mysteries. The reportage, with all the burning documents confirming the arms lobby business, is still available on the AriannaEditrice website where we found it together with the video of a conference held by the reporter himself to illustrate his thesis, similar to that of General Serravalle , the journalist Gatti and the former Mossad Ostrovsky.
«Therefore, the motive, or rather the conferral of strategic, or rather atomic, technology to a Middle Eastern country; an action to be prevented at all costs. The Itavia DC9 had been used secretly by the Italian state for the transfer of nuclear components to Iraq (first stop from Bologna to Palermo, aboard an unsuspected flight, but not for the Mossad). The billion dollar contracts all went through the US branch of BNL in Atlanta» Lannes wrote.
«On May 22, 1988 the Nautile submarine explores the Tyrrhenian Sea in search of the DC9 Itavia. At 11.58 the cameras frame a particular shape. One of the two Ifremer operators pronounces the word “misil” in French. At 13.53 we see another classic form of missile. The searches of the Toulon company are suspended three days later. Engineer Jean Roux, manager of the Ifremer’s recovery section, suffers an inexplicable stop by engineer Massimo Blasi, head of the commission of experts of the Court of Rome», reads the article further.
«The two missiles are not collected even during the second recovery operation entrusted to an English company. Perhaps, why is the Star of David untouchable? – Lannes wonders – Three years pass before the biased experts have the opportunity to view the tapes of the Ifremer operation. According to a first attempt to identify the trafficking of a “French-made Matra R 530” and an “Israeli Shafrir”. The technical data speak for themselves. That Matra is “3.28 meters long, has a diameter of 26 centimeters with a wingspan of 110, weighs 110 kilograms: it is equipped with a fragmentation warhead and can hit the target at a distance of 3 km with infrared guidance and 15 km with semi-active radar guidance “. The other missile is “2.5 meters long, 16 centimeters in diameter and 52 in wingspan, weighs 93 kg and has a range of 5 km”. Both missiles were supplied to Israel’s fighters, in particular: Mirage III, Kfir, F4, A4, F15, F16. One of those missiles was launched against the DC9».
«After 33 years the shooting down of this civilian plane has no culprit. To the human tragedy of a criminal state – of various governments and the Italian Air Force – which refused to provide an explanation, preferring loyalty to the NATO secret. In 2003 the Italian government signed a military cooperation treaty with Israel, ratified in 2005 with law 94 by the Italian Parliament (“opposition” included with the approval of the President of the Republic). The Italian magistrates, however determined they were, hit the rubber wall a second time. The final joke: for some years the armed forces of Tel Aviv have been carrying out military exercises in Italy and with Italy in the framework of alliances of the Atlantic Pact» concluded Lannes.
In the previous article on Ustica we analyzed all the cover-ups on the massacre in which the mysterious deaths of many military witnesses are also grafted. But later Lannes added chilling details. «A few years ago – accompanied to the Public Prosecutor’s Office in Rome by two policemen from the State Police escort – I reported, or rather recorded to magistrates Amelio and Monteleone what I had discovered by investigating the Ustica massacre for ten years. And I pointed out to them some witnesses (former military) never questioned by the judicial authorities. One of them (a former Navy officer) stated that a massive NATO air and naval exercise was underway in the Tyrrhenian Sea on June 27, 1980. And that the unit on which the Vittorio Veneto was embarked did not provide any assistance, despite being close to the impact site of the civil aircraft, but was ordered to return to La Spezia. Two of these ex-soldiers, formerly belonging to the Air Force, were threatened, and one of them even underwent compulsory medical treatment implemented by the Arma Azzurra (Blue Force aka Italian Air Force».
Is there even a vague hope that the truth will emerge from the documents declassified by the Italian government at the behest of former premier Matteo Renzi? It will be very difficult because no document has been digitized and therefore the search will be similar to that of the classic needle in a haystack. As already confirmed by the president of the Committee of the victims of the Bologna massacre, Senator Paolo Bolognesi: «a farce, this desecretation, the documents are practically waste paper, there has been no digitization. We are trying hard to do it ourselves, the idea of creating a large archive of memory from which it can emerge that so many facts, so many black holes in our history are held. And many names, especially of the institutions, return».
Fabio Giuseppe Carlo Carisio
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