South Asia’s Arab Spring: Protests amid Hybrid Economic War in Pakistan and Sri Lanka

South Asia’s Arab Spring: Protests amid Hybrid Economic War in Pakistan and Sri Lanka


by Darini Rajasingham-Senanayake 

The writer, Dr. Darini Rajasingham-Senanayake, is a Social and Medical Anthropologist, based in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Links to Gospa News articles have been added by our Editorial Staff

South Asia’s Arab Spring is here, amid global Cold War tensions and slow tectonic shifts in power and wealth east, to Asia and the Indian Ocean Region, hastened and heightened by the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

As Foreign Minister of Russia, Sergi Lavrov, met Indian Prime Minister Modi last week, western pressure mounted with almost simultaneous visits from various British, European and US emissaries who cautioned and questioned Delhi’s historic and close ties with Moscow.

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Simultaneously, Pakistani Prime Minister, Imran Khan who had visited Russia on a pre-planned trip a few weeks earlier was subject to a “no confidence” motion which was later deflected with the dissolution of Parliament. Khan pointed a finger at the United States as the foreign power behind events in Islamabad and a Regime Change operation through the buying of politicians and political parties.

Prime Minister Khan showed material evidence of the ‘foreign conspiracy’ and named names; Assistant secretary of state for south and central Asian affairs Donald Lu. A letter from Washington dated a day before the No Confidence Motion was actually tabled had stated “Pakistan would be forgiven if Imran Khan lost the No Confidence motion!” Washington had foreknowledge of events in Islamabad.

Ironically, Prime Minister Khan who saved Pakistan’s economy from the economic destruction that almost 2 years of WHO recommended Covid-19 Lockdowns caused in Sri Lanka and India, and protected the Pakistani people and economy by refusing to lockdown Pakistanis stating that the resulting poverty would kill more people than the lab made virus, has been accused of economic miss-management even though he was proved right.  The World Bank has lauded PM Khan’s  handling of the Covid Panicdemic in Pakistan.

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Imran Khan’s friendship with China and recent visit to Moscow and Mr. Putin he noted had erked Washington and the reason that Pakistan was targeted. Washington however, has been much softer on its Indian Quadrilateral Group QUAD partner’s friendship with Russia. India and Pakistan seemed to be on the same page vis-à-vis Russia this time! Indeed, there may be a new Asian confluence with China, India and Pakistan all refusing to follow NATO condemnation of Moscow following the NATO debacle in Afghanistan last year.

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Staged dollar Crisis and protests in Sri Lanka

The same week that Pakistan’s Imran Khan faced a No Confidence motion, Sri Lanka to saw an Arab Spring style ‘colour revolution’ unfold with protests against former US citizen President Gotabaya and the Rajapakse brothers regime, given the soaring cost of living, fuel and food shortages due to a much hyped dollar shortage in the country and downgrades by rating agencies. Of course Sri Lanka’s debt is peanuts compared to the America’s whopping 20 trillion.

A few weeks earlier the Sri Lankan rupee was crashed and lost 70 percent of its value– a precursor to an International Monitory Fund (IMF), “bailout” or is it “bail in” negotiations in Washington DC? Although in REAL TERMS Sri Lanka is one of South Asia’s wealthier countries with high social development indicators, a fuel and electricity crisis materialized after the rupee crash and there were long queues at Petrol sheds and gas shops.


But Sri Lanka’s crisis also may more about Geoplitics and less about Economics. Since the 2019 staged Easter Sunday attacks on Tourist hotels and the Economy using religion as a smokescreen and the island’s rejection of America’s Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact, this strategically located island in the Indian Ocean Sea Lanes of Communication (SLOC), appears to have been subject to a form of hybrid ECONOMIC WARFARE. For the past four years there have been Lockdowns in the months of March April on some pretext, as well as, Cyber and Maritime trade disruption also with burning and sinking ships MV Pearl and Diamond last year.

Sri Lanka was once referred to as a “valuable piece of real estate” by Alice. G. Wells appears to be vital for the maintenance of America’s Free and Open Indo Pacific”. So too the Sinhala Diaspora appears to have been Weaponized: Basil Rajapakse, brother of the President and Prime Minister and Minister of Economic Disaster in Sri Lanka is a US Citizen. Governance in Sri Lanka the past three years has been a family affair of the hybrid American-Sri Lankan Rajapakse family. Basil Rajapakse was set to fly to Washington to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), after a staged parliamentary debate on April 8.

IMF as Deus ex Machina

Remarkably the Sri Lanka Government, many in the Opposition and some protestors see the IMF as a sort of ‘deus ex machine” Solution to the crisis triggered by an apparent dollar shortage after rating agencies downgraded the island in concert last year making it difficult for the government to roll over the 7 billion debt to be paid this year owed primarily to Sovereign Bond traders. Sri Lanka’s debt to GDP ratio is around 110 percent partly aa a result of economic mismanagement and the Covid policy debacle of the past 2 years. But then Japan’s Debt to GDP ratio is over 200 percent! Compared to America’s 20 trillion of debt, Sri Lanka’s debt it peanuts, around 67 billion.

Is Sri Lanka whose currency steeply depreciated as a precursor to IMF negotiation in March because of an apparent dollar shortage to clear goods and fuel from the port being targeted? The saucy island had the temerity to refuse the US Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact and Status of Forces Agreement in 2019 and since then Economic crisis has escalated to the point that default and an IMF bailout now appears inevitable. The island was repeatedly downgraded by Rating agencies and could not roll over it debt. The Euro-American Financial system comprises rating agencies, sovereign bond traders and of course the Washington Consensus and OECD or Paris Club.

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To be fair the IMF has never pretended that it cares about poor people or inequality, but rather prefers to impose austerity measures on the common people, that should be imposed on luxury-living politician and business elites with, for and by which the IMF works. Is then IMF a Fake Solution that is offered by ALL political parties –who are bought for a National Government yet to be formed?!

Unlike Pakistani Prime Minister, Imran Khan, known for his courage and integrity on an off the cricket field, the hybrid American-Sri Lanka Rajapakse Regime would not point a finger at the external actors behind Sri Lanka’s 2019 Easter attacks, the blow to the tourism dependent economy followed by lockdowns and travel warning and the compounding Economic debacle of the past 3 years.

4 years of Hybrid Economic War

Retrospectively, the mysterious ISIS claimed Easter Sunday attacks on coastal Hotels and the Tourism dependent economy in 2019 ten years after the defeat of the LTTE and the dawn of peace in Sri Lanka may be seen to to herald the on-set of hybrid Economic War in Sri Lanka. The attacks used religion as a cover to hit China’s Shangri La Hotel where the leader Zaharan and another suicide bomber perished, signaling this was the most important target.

The hybrid war style Easter 2019 attacks were followed by 2 years of Covid-19 bio war and fear narratives, and economically destructive Lockdowns in 2020, 2021. There was massive health sector expenditure (almost 38 percent of budget), also on purchase of 16 million useless and expensive Pfizer booster injections by Basil Rajapakse, Head of the Covid Task Force and in 2022 there were no funds to purchase essential drugs. All health institutions were captured also through Digital Colonialism by external actors promoting the Covid narrative and LOCKDOWNS (Great Reset after Event 201).

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For the past 4 years a pattern has emerged: Every March-April a new round of destabilization starts and Since 2019 Sri Lankan citizens have been routinely put in LOCKDOWNS and CURFEWS. Meanwhile foreign navies stage war games off the island’s coasts of this strategic island as was the case with the Malabar War games that beached and killed pilot whales while Lankans were in lockdown in 2020. This is a pattern.

Has the island been systematically targeted because it sits on the Indian Ocean Sea Lanes of Communication (SLOC) vital to secure America’s “Free and Open Indo Pacific” after it refused the MCC compact and SOFA?.Geography is history in this strategic island in the Indian Ocean. In a similar manner, Pakistan was targeted for regime change after Imran Khan’s visit to Russia.

Lawfare: Solutions when Conspiracy Theories come true

We live in a post-Covid world when conspiracy theories increasingly seem to come true. Protests may be useless without creative alternatives to the proffered IMF “solution” that would also require foreign legal firms taking over the island’s economic negotiations.

Strategic Sri Lanka may need to look to Asia for help and development at this time of national humiliation and develop a strategy to de-dollarize and trade in a basket of currencies. It may consider an independent Economic, Trade, Energy and Foreign Policy and source its oil, gas, and other energy needs from Russia at discount prices like India is doing.

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Going to the IMF and its aid conditionalities means that Sri Lanka loses policy autonomy and sovereignty and be unable to have an INDEPENDENT FOREIGN, ECONOMIC, TRADE or ENERGY policy that serves the interest of her citizens.

At this time Sri Lanka seems to be subject also the phenomenon of Lawfare and a Full Spectrum Dominance (FSD) remote Over the Horizon (OTH) operation. Lawfare, as documented in the regime change operation against Brazil’s leftist President Lula by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) who he has identified is the process whereby a country’s legal system is subverted and weaponized against justice.

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At this time, there is a pattern of fundamental rights cases against government actions being dismissed while the people are distracted with food and fuel shortages and or Covid-19 lockdowns. Petitions that have been refused leave to proceed sometime by five judge benches include challenges to the sale of the Kerawelapitiya Yugadhanavi Power plant at this time of Energy Crisis to a US company name New Fortress in a midnight deal by the President, the Central Bank Bondscam cases, the cases challenging the Covid -19 mass injections Gazette of 2022 which would impose digital vaccine certificates and discriminate those who are not injected from public places under a Fake Health Emergency etc. that would also enable surveillance, stop crowds and protest, stymie democracy and promote digital colonialism and control of citizens.

Is as Imran Khan said of Pakistan, Sri Lanka also being targeted in an Over the Horizon (OTH) Full Spectrum Dominance (FSD) operation as Cold War returns to South Asia with America’s ominous “Pivot to Asia” and disengagement from Afghanistan?

Darini Rajasingham-Senanayake 

The writer, Dr. Darini Rajasingham-Senanayake, is a Social and Medical Anthropologist, based in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Links to Gospa News articles have been added by our Editorial Staff

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Darini Rajasingham-Senanayake